It’s back to school time for thousands of children across Devon. And with that comes the expense – and pitfalls – of school uniforms.
The majority of schools have some form of dress code or uniform, and most are pretty strict about enforcing compliance from pupils, whether it’s a school tie or a top-to-toe uniform with strict rules on everything from the type of shoes worn to caps, personal jewellery, and hairstyles. Do parents and children have the right to challenge the school if they disagree with the uniform rules?
Some schools can come down harder than others. For example, last year the Royal Wootton Bassett Academy in Wiltshire gave over 100 pupils periods of detention on their very first day back at school. Some were penalised for wearing the wrong trousers while others were hauled over the coals for simply having the wrong coloured socks on.
Closer to home, just a couple of years ago a school in the Exeter area was at the centre of a storm when it banned ‘aggressive’ hair, tight trousers, unhemmed skirts and jewellery.
So what is the law?
Every school is perfectly entitled to set their own set of rules and regulations concerning uniforms and dress code and can discipline any children who do not stick to those rules. However, legally it’s a bit of a grey area, and schools are required to consider any reasonable requests to alter the uniform policy, especially if it could be regarded as discrimination.
Legal experts are adamant that any punishment a school hands out for uniform or dress code breaches should be in line with a published behaviour or uniform policy. So, put simply, the school can’t simply start dishing out punishments for uniform infringements if their published behaviour or uniform guidelines don’t specify what constitutes a breach, and what the resulting punishment will be.
A headteacher is within their rights to ask a pupil to return home to rectify the infringement, but again the school needs to consider if this action is appropriate, depending on a number of factors such as the child’s age, their vulnerability, and just how easy it really is to ‘pop home and change’.
Any exclusion on the grounds of uniform infringements is classed as an authorised absence. However, long-term absences because of any challenge to a uniform policy moves both pupil and their parents and the school into choppy water. Does a uniform infringement really qualify as a ‘serious breach’ (the only real justification for long-term exclusion)?
What are the parents’ rights?
Parents have the right to request variations to an established uniform policy, and the school is duty-bound to consider them. This is particularly true if the request is as a result of a need to accommodate a child’s religious beliefs, ethnicity and cultural reasons, or disability. All disputes should go through the school’s individual complaints policy, and there should be a reasonable amount of flexibility on both sides.
If, after going through the process all the way up to the Chair of Governors, the parent and child still feel that their requests are not being dealt with appropriately, then the matter can be raised with the Department for Education. However, it’s worth noting that they are very reluctant to become involved with minor infringements and will only take action when a complaint has real merit.
If you feel that your child is being victimised because of a failure to comply to the school’s uniform guidelines, or if you’re a school headteacher facing a challenge from parents over your uniform policy then it’s worth talking to a legal expert who specialises in workplace mediation to find out what to do next.